Refer to topics ‘Leadership Definition’, ‘Trait Theory’, ‘Behavioral Theories’, ‘Ohio State Studies’, and ‘Managerial Grid Theory’ of Unit at a glance.
Contingency Theory of Leadership:
Regarding this theory, Fiedler (1967) states that a leader may become effective if the situation is favorable in three ways. These include strong member-leader relationships, a task’s specifics being communicated to the leader’s position, and a lot of formal authority and power being given to the leader’s position. A leader will be successful with these three favorable circumstances and his manner of operating.
The task-oriented leader is effective whether the circumstances are very favorable to them or very unfavorable to them. When the problem is moderately favorable to the leader the person-oriented leader is effective.