Ans: Job rotation is the systematic movement of the worker from one job to another. For example, a machine shop worker might operate a drill press on Monday and Wednesday, work on the burr bench on Tuesday and Thursday, and operate a grinder on Friday. In this manner, the worker’s routine is varied, additional skills are learned, and different working environments are experienced. However, to the degree that these jobs are all relatively routine and simple, the employee will still feel little challenge and satisfaction in the job.
2. Briefly discuss the Job Enlargement.
Ans: Based on the belief that the dissatisfaction from specialization was being required to do the same thing over and over again, job enlargement was introduced as a way to increase the number of tasks the worker is allowed to do. Sometimes referred to as ‘horizontal enlargement“, job enlargement assigns a variety of tasks to the worker. But, if they are quite similar and routine, the diversion is shallow and short-term. If the tasks are diverse enough to provide greater challenge and gratification for the worker, the organization will experience higher training costs and basic conflict with the trade union.