What is Scientific Management?

A traditional management strategy known as scientific management places a focus on the scientific analysis of work processes in order to increase job productivity. F.W. TAYLOR, FRANK GILBERT, LILIAV GILBERTH, and HENRY GANTT, were the earliest advocates of scientific management.

Fedrick Winslow Taylor

“The father of scientific management” is how Taylor is referred to. He wrote a book known as “The Principles of Scientific Management” in the year 1911. As an engineer and inventor working at Midwale Steel Co. in 1878, Taylor started experimenting with novel managerial ideas. After six years as a laborer, he was promoted to engineer and given a chance to work on the soldering issue. Employees that purposefully work more slowly than they can are said to be soldering. Taylor claims that there are three basic justifications for why employees solder.

  1. Workers referred that increasing output would cause them or co-workers to lose their jobs.
  2. The faulty wage system employed by the organization encouraged working at a slow pace.
  3. Outdated working methods, handed down from generation to generation, led to a much-wasted effort.
    • To eliminate the soldering problem. Taylor developed scientific management based on four principles of management such as –
      • Replacing rules of thumb with science.
      • achieving harmony rather than strife in group activities
      • achieving human collaboration as opposed to chaotic individuality
      • To the greatest extent possible, all employees should be developed for the highest levels of success for both themselves and the business.

According to Taylor, with the help of the above principles both entrepreneurs and workers will be benefited. Workers would earn more pay and entrepreneurs would earn more profits.

Taylor’s scientific management stresses the following points:

  1. The need to complete each task in a scientifically sound manner.
  2. Training and preparing workers to perform the job
  3. Establishment a good relationship between management and workers, so that the job is performed in the desired way

Taylor’s scientific management reveals two key techniques: piece-rate incentive schemes and time and motion studies.

ভারতের 5টি সেরা বর্ষাকালীন গন্তব্য 5 Best Monsoon Destinations in India What is Scientific Management? What are the Functions of Management? What is the concept of Management?
ভারতের 5টি সেরা বর্ষাকালীন গন্তব্য 5 Best Monsoon Destinations in India What is Scientific Management?