Measures Taken by Government to Prevent Industrial Disputes
The Government of India has taken the following measures to prevent industrial disputes:
- The Government of India has set up Wages Boards for various industries such as jute, cotton, textile, sugar, cement iron & steel, whose main function is to fix wages in the respective industries.
- The Payment of Bonus Act 1965, which was introduced in the year 1965 provides for payment of a minimum bonus at 8.33% of annual income for employees drawing a monthly salary of Rs. 15000 or less.
- The Industrial Employment (Standing Order) Act, of 1946 requires each employer to make their standing orders covering conditions of employment and get them certified by the certifying officer and make them known to all workers.
- Under the Industrial Disputes Act, of 1947, every industrial unit employing 100 (one hundred) or more workers is required to set up a working committee consisting of representatives of employer and employees, to maintain a good relationship between employer and employer-employee.
- the Government suggested Joint Management Councils in its industrial resolution 1956 to initiate the process of labor participation in management but unfortunately, the measure has not found much root.
- National Arbitration Promotion Board was set up in 1967, comprising representatives of employers’ and employees’ organizations, public undertakings, and central and state governments to promote voluntary arbitration to settle industrial disputes. Industrial disputes be referred to voluntary arbitration if conciliation efforts fail.